Visitors travelling to Bhutan can enter into this exotic tiny Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan by Land and Air only. Bhutan remained in its self-imposed isolation till the 1960’s and it was only in 1974 that the first ever motor-able roads were constructed. In 1983 the first Druk Air Dornier flights started its operation.
Until September 2013,Drukair,the Royal Bhutan Airlines was the only airline operating in Bhutan from Paro which is the only International Airport in Bhutan.Meanwhile, Tashi Air, Bhutan’s first private airline joined Bhutan’s destinations abroad and started its international operations since October 2013.
There are two domestic airports in Bumthang and Trashigang respectively connecting western Bhutan to the central and the east.
The ports of entry into Bhutan are Phuentsholing, Gelephu and Samdrup Jongkhar in the south bordering India.Phuentsholing and Samdrup Jongkhar towns are both located proximity to the Indian National Airport Bagdora, State of West Bengal and Guawhati, State of Assam, India respectively. Traveling from Phuentsholing to the capital city of Thimphuis about 5-6 hours drive uphill through the meandering roads of Himalayas.
The travel distance from the border town of Gelephu to Thimphu is approximately 270 kms. which takes about 8hours drive. The journey takes you across three districts, from the sub-tropical plains of the foothills of the Himalayan Mountainsto the moderate alpine zone in Thimphu.
Samdrupjongkhar in eastern part of Bhutan is 150 kilometers from Guwhati, Stateof Assam, India. From Samdrupjongkhar you will travel via five districts before reaching the capital city Thimphu. The distance is about 700 kilometers and takes 3 days to reach Thimphu.